Gedenkveranstaltungen des Maji Maji-Centenary Comittees und der Universität Dar Es Salaam im August 2007 in Tansania zum Abschluss des Maji-Maji-Jahrhunderts





KIPATIMU-NANDETE August 1-8, 2007

 1. Introduction

The Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences of the University of Dar es Salaam (UDSM) in collaboration with Lindi Region are organizing the closing-up ceremony of the Maji Maji War centenary to be held at Kipatimu Division, Kilwa District, Lindi Region in early August, 2007.

Maji Maji is one of several wars our forebears fought in order to resist German colonial domination. Through the wars, our ancestors demonstrated their supreme commitment in defending and maintaining their sovereignty. They resisted to be pushed around and ordered by German colonialists on how to live, what to produce and whom to worship. They attempted diplomatic means of avoiding the inhuman suppression but in vain. That is when they resorted to armed struggles, the most popular and spatially extensive of which was the Maji Maji War.

The War took a little over two years, from July 1905 to August 1907. It started at Nandete, Matumbiland, northwest of Kilwa district but it soon spread, like bush fire, all over southern Tanganyika . Many ethnic groups including Matumbi, Mwera, Makua, Makonde, Ngindo, Ngoni, Ndendeule, Matengo, Pangwa, Bena, Hehe, Pogoro, Vidunda, Rufiji, Ndengereko and Zaramo joined the fight. Although technically the Tanganyikans lost the war and got immersed into multiple postwar agonies, they won in one aspect: delivering their message to the Germans that they are opposed to colonial domination.

Maji Maji War was, by all measures, a noble undertaking as it aimed at restoring dignity of all Tanganyikans. It thus deserves a dignified commemoration by anyone who cares for human respect, dignity and equality.

Commemoration for the Maji Maji centenary was launched by His Excellency Jakaya Mrisho Kikwete the President of the United Republic of Tanzania on 27 th February 2006 in Songea, the only place in the country where there is a museum committed to the Maji Maji War and where the local people have been commemorating the hanging of Maji Maji heroes every year since 1980.

In concluding the centenary the organizers have decided to hold the event in Kipatimu Division, Matumbiland, where the War started.

2. Why Kipatimu-Nandete?

2.1 Nandete, the village which triggered this noble war on 15 July 1905 is located in Kipatimu Division;

2.2 Kipatimu is the biggest centre in Matumbiland with relatively easy road and cellular-phone accessibility;

2.3 Kipatimu is logistically better served with services such as hospital, tape-water, guest houses, and shops;

2.4 While in Kipatimu, participants of the centenary celebration will be able to witness important Maji Maji–related phenomena including:

  • The old cotton farm (now long abandoned) in which the farmers uprooted cotton seedlings, thus igniting the war;
  • The medicinal tree used in preparing the ‘bullet repelling’ water;
  • Caves such as Nang’oma in which the Matumbi people took cover during the War;
  • Ditches used by German soldiers during the war;
  • Ruins of the German Boma at Kibata village;
  • Descendants of Maji Maji heroes including Lindimyo Mcheka Mandai and Ngulumbalyo Mandai, the two individuals who, according to traditions, ignited the war.
  • Some people who were interviewed in1966-67 by renowned researchers of the Maji Maji war in Matumbiland, namely the Late Prof. G.C.K. Gwasa and Prof. John Iliffe.

3. Why August?

By August 1907 the Germans became comfortably certain that the War had been suppressed over the entire war zone of southern Tanganyika . That is why August is taken to be the official end of the war, and hence the end of the centenary.

4. Activities

4.1 Pre-August Activities

  • Publicity (e.g., printing brochures, holding press conference, writing feature articles, etc.)
  • Fundraising
  • Theme featuring in the Saba Saba trade fair by the National Museum and thereafter displaying Maji Maji-related materials in the National Museum and House of Culture, Dar es Salaam
  • Collecting Matumbi heritage materials such as weapons to be displayed in a temporary museum at Kipatimu
  • Constructing Maji Maji monuments, one at each of the following villages: Nandete, Kibata and Imbiliya.
  • Secondary school essay competition, Lindi Region
  • Logistics and preparations for main celebration events

4.2 August 1-8, 2007Activities

This will be a one week event, coinciding with the Nane Nane celebrations held Regionally at the same place, Kipatimu. However, major Maji Maji-related events will feature in the last three days, i.e., August 6-8 with the following activities:

  • International workshop on Maji Maji, held at the University of Dar es Salaam , August 4-5.
  • Maji Maji narratives by local historians, held at Kipatimu August 6-7 (will be video taped).
  • Stage Plays:
  • Play performed by FPA, UDSM;
  • Traditional Matumbi dances including nnebe, mbungi, nchunje, legeza, ndunduli, kilatu, linguchu, manganje, and mkwajungoma performed competitively by different villages in Kipatimu Division;
  • Visit to Maji Maji-related historical sites around Kipatimu including Nandete, Nang’oma Caves, Kibata ruins, Imbiliya and Mbinga;
  • Laying a foundation stone for a Maji Maji museum at Kipatimu;
  • Awarding secondary school essay competition winners;
  • Guard of honour;
  • Public rally.

4.3 Post-August Activities

  • Publishing quality workshop papers as special issues of the Tanzania Zamani, a journal published by HAT and the Department of History, UDSM;
  • Constructing a permanent Maji Maji museum at Kipatimu;
  • Production of a video documentary;
  • Production of a Maji Maji film.

5. Participants at the August 2007 Event

The event will be open to the public and at everyone’s own cost. However, a few participants will be officially invited on the basis of their status. These will include National leaders, Diplomats, representatives from the other six Regions which participated in the Maji Maji War namely, Dar es Salaam , Coast, Morogoro, Iringa, Ruvuma , and Mtwara; local historians from Lindi and the other six Regions; and organizing committees from national to village levels.

6. Organizers

The celebration is organized by the Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences, University of Dar es Salaam in collaboration with Lindi Region while specific co-ordination is handled by two committees: the National Maji Maji Centenary Coordination Committee and a Special Centenary Closing-up Coordination Committee, constituted by Matumbi people living in Dar es Salaam together with other patriots from the various tribes involved in the war. The two Committees work hand-in-hand with Regional and District committees Chaired by Hon. Said M. Sadik RC Lindi and Hon. Noordin Babu DC Kilwa, respectively.

National Maji Maji Centenary Coordination Committee Special Centenary Closing-up Coordination Committee
Chairperson: Prof. Amandina Lihamba, Department of Fine and Performing Art, UDSM. Tel. 22410472.

Coordinator General: Dr. Bertram B.B. Mapunda, Head, Department of History, UDSM, Tel. 22410397/ 0784540294, Fax: 22410397, e-mail: bbbmapu@udsm.ac.tz

Coordinator, Stage Performance: Dr. Flowin Nyoni, Head, Department of Fine and performing Art, UDSM, Tel. 22410471.

Coordinator, Workshop: Dr. Yusufu Q. Lawi, Department of History, UDSM, Tel. 22410397.

Coordinator, School Competitions: Dr. L. Osaki, Department of Literature, UDSM, DSM. Tel. 22410260. Fax: 22410397.

Coordinator, Museum Exhibitions: Dr. Paul Msemwa, Director, National Museum and House Culture, DSM, DSM. Tel. 2117508

Coordinator, Defense: Capt. M.K. Adam, TPDF HQ.

Coordinators Stakeholders: Hon. Ambassador Nicholas Kuhanga and Brig. Gen. (Rtd.) Francis Xavier Mbenna

 Coordinator, August 2007 Celebration: Hon. Noordin Babu , DC , Kilwa

Chairperson: Mr. Eustace Kazimir Mtumbuka, Tel. 0754-460602

 General Secretary: Mr. Hashim Abdala Nakanoga, Tel. 0756-569870, 0784-927355

 Planning and Strategies Sub-CommitteeChairperson: Mr. Hashim Abdala Nakanoga, Tel. 0756-569870, 0784-927355

Secretary: Mrs Subira Sinda 0786-457171

Publicity and Awareness Sub-Committee

Chairperson: Mr. Juma Jumla Ngwembano, Tel. 0784-218970

Secretary: Mr. Moses V. Gunda, Tel. 0784-206398.

 Finance Sub-Committee

Chairperson: Dr. Vitalis Eustach Muba, Tel 0784-784219

Secretary: Mr. Eucharius Othmar Ng’oge, Tel. 0713530713

Treasurer: Eng. Ali Mkamba, Tel. 0754-766474

 Transport and Communication Sub-Committee

Chairperson: Mrs. Gisela Ndungwi Mwandwi, Tel. 0754-556587

Secretary: Mrs. Habiba Rwambo, Tel. 0784-588907

Coordinator, Local Stakeholders: Hon. Dr. Samson Mpanda (MP).

Coordinator International Stakeholders: Hon. Ambassador Ali Mchumo

Principal Patron: Hon. Kingunge Ngombale Mwiru

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The Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences at the University of Dar es Salaam is organising a conference on the Maji Maji War, to be held at the Mlimani campus from 3 rd to 4 th August, 2007 . The conference is part of centenary celebrations commemorating the Maji Maji, a series of connected wars fought during 1905 – 1907 between people in modern day southern Tanzania on one hand and German colonial forces on the other.

The centenary celebrations started formally with an official launching at the national level in Songea in February, 2006. Major events during the launching ceremony included a local historians’ workshop, exhibitions at the Maji Maji museum, a guard of honour performed by the TPDF and a public rally addressed by the President of the United Republic of Tanzania at the Maji Maji stadium. The 2007 conference will be part of centenary closing celebrations, to be held nationally in Kilwa District, starting on August 1st. The planned climax event is a public rally to be held on August 8 th at Kipatimu, which is close to Nandete where one of the early uprisings leading to the war occurred.

Scholars interested in presenting papers at the conference are cordially invited. The 2007 Maji Maji conference will be a multidisciplinary meeting. Therefore papers addressing the war may take various disciplinary orientations and theoretical perspectives. Paper abstracts should reach the undersigned by the end of March, and final papers by June 30 th, 2007 . Good papers will be published either as conference proceedings or in a special issue of the journal Tanzania Zamani, published jointly by the Department of History, UDSM and the Historical Association of Tanzania .

Please direct all inquiries about this conference to: Coordinator, Maji Maji centenary Conference, University of Dar es Salaam, Department of History, P. O. Box 35050, Dar es Salaam, E-mail: yoseq@uccmail.co.tz, Tel. 255-022-2410397

Siehe auch zum Thema:

  • Bauche, Manuela: Robert Koch, die Schlafkrankheit und Menschenexperimente im kolonialen Ostafrika Zum Text
  • Becker, Felicitas und Jigal Beez (Hg.): Der Maji-Maji-Krieg in Deutsch-Ostafrika 1905 - 1907 (2005) Zur Rezension
  • Hirsch, Rudolf von: "Ich habe die Sache satt hier, herzlich satt.“ Briefe des Kolonialoffiziers Rudolf von Hirsch aus Deutsch-Ostafrika 1905-1907. Eingeleitet von Thomas Morlang (zuerst veröffentlicht in: Militärgeschichtliche Zeitschriftt 61/2002, Heft 2; 27 Seiten, pdf, 400 KB). Zum Text
  • Kristen, Claus: Die Taktik der "verbrannten Erde" - Die Folgen der deutschen Kolonialherrschaft in Ostafrika (2006). Zum Text
  • Schulte-Varendorff, Uwe: Kolonialheld für Kaiser und Führer – General Lettow-Vorbeck Zur Rezension
  • Wegmann, Heiko: Zwei Schritte vorwärts und einen zurück – Anmerkungen zur aktuellen Debatte um den Maji-Maji-Krieg in „Deutsch-Ostafrika“ (zur Tagung „Mit Zauberwasser gegen Gewehrkugeln“ am 11.-12.11.05 im Deutschen Historischen Museum in Berlin und der „Gedenkveranstaltung“ in der Berliner Werkstatt der Kulturen). Zum Text

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